Text of the video on learning pronouns in French
Have you talked to your brother?
Did you invite him to dinner on Sunday?
Yes, I invited him to dinner.
I invited him, you meant.
Lui, leur, le, la, les, l'. Are these little words really making life difficult for you, the one learning French?
These are complement pronouns. A pronoun is a small word that replaces another word or group of words.
We use a pronoun to avoid repetition. But which complement pronoun to choose and how to choose it?
Some of these pronouns are made to replace the masculine singular, others the masculine plural, others the feminine singular, etc.
Welcome to this French video. I'm Elisabeth from the Hellofrench channel where I post videos every week to help you progress in French.
In this video, I will explain everything about direct object complement pronouns and indirect object complement pronouns.
Let's start right away with the concrete and with the direct object pronouns C.O.D.
The direct object complement is the word or words that come directly after a verb in a sentence, it is stuck to the verb.
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I invited my brother. My brother is a direct object. To find out if it is a direct object complement, you can ask the question "who?" for people and animals and the question "what?" for objects.
Who did I invite? My brother to replace the words or groups of words that make up a direct object complement.
You will use the following pronouns.
"The" to replace masculine singular. "The" to replace feminine singular and "the" to replace masculine or feminine plural.
There is also the l', but we will see it a little later in an example.
I made a cake this morning, I'll eat it tonight. "The" comes here to replace a cake. A cake is a masculine singular. It is therefore replaced by the complement pronoun "the".
I eat a pizza, I share it with you. Pizza is feminine singular. So we replace it with the pronoun "the".
If the verb or auxiliary in the sentence begins with a vowel, then "the" or "the" changes to l'.
The vowel of the pronoun falls, you remove it.
Did you invite your brother? Yes, I invited him. Did you invite your sister? Yes, I invited her.
For the plural, you can replace the group of words with the pronoun "the".
I like snails. I like them in sauce.
Now let's move on to the pronoun you will use in the case where you have an indirect object complement. An I.O.C.
The indirect object complements complete a verb, but they are not directly stuck. We will find the little word, the preposition "to" between the verb and the complement.
To find them in a sentence, you can ask the question "to whom?" after the verb when it is an animal or human and "to what?" when it is an object.
You can replace indirect object complements with the following two pronouns. The pronoun "him" will replace a masculine or feminine singular and the pronoun "their" will replace a feminine or masculine plural.
I called my mother. I called her. I lend my car to my sisters.
I lent it to them. That's it, this video is done for today. Feel free to tell me in the comments if you want more videos about pronouns. I know these little words are causing you a lot of trouble. If you liked the video, put a like and subscribe and activate the bell if you are not subscribed yet. See you soon!